Two days later, Caesar entered Alexandria and was given the head, but the gesture backfired: Caesar decided to undertake an expedition against Britain, whose tribes maintained close contacts with Gaul. By this point the Senate had split with Antonius and cast its lot with Cassius, confirming him as governor of the province.
Caesar attempted to get away, but, blinded by blood, he tripped and fell; the men continued stabbing him as he lay defenceless on the lower steps of the portico. Thus, he instituted a massive mobilisation. They had one son, who was born in about 60 BC.
This achievement was all the more amazing in light of the fact that the Romans did not possess any great superiority in military equipment over the north European barbarians. Caesar distrusts him, and states, "Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look; He thinks too much: Caesar attempted to follow up these conquests with an advance into Britain, but due to famine and logistical reasons, Britain was never to be fully conquered by Julius Caesar.
His physical energy was of the same order. The tribune Roman official Clodius had been murdered, and his death was followed by great disorder in Rome.
But even if they were acting on principle, they were blind to the truth that the reign of the Roman nobility was broken beyond recall and that even Caesar might not have been able to overthrow the old regime if its destruction had not been long overdue.
He found it advisable to remove himself from Italy and to do military service, first in the province of Asia and then in Cilicia. This circumstance, Momigliano argues, helps explain why historians of the Imperial era found Cassius more difficult to understand than Brutus, and less admirable.
They were minor nobility at best, although the Caesar lineage claims that it harkens back all the way to a Trojan prince who was the son of the Goddess Venus. He asked the senate for permission to stand in absentia, but Cato blocked the proposal.
Either alternative would result in a disastrous civil war. If Caesar had not been murdered in 44 bce, he might have lived on for 15 or 20 years. Only his accounts both incomplete and supplemented by other hands of the Gallic War and the civil war survive. Julius Caesar chased Pompey out of Rome and across the Roman world, defeating his armies in Spain and Greece before finally chasing him to Egypt where Pompey was betrayed and killed by assassins.
In the quotation above, Cassius explicitly rejects the idea that morality is a good to be chosen for its own sake; morality, as a means of achieving pleasure and ataraxiais not inherently superior to the removal of political anxieties.
The peoples of central Gaul found a national leader in the Arvernian Vercingetorix. Pompey quickly decided to abandon Italy to Caesar and fell back to the East.
He also set the precedent, which his imperial successors followed, of requiring the Senate to bestow various titles and honours upon him. His father, Gaius Caesar, died when Caesar was but 16; his mother, Aurelia, was a notable woman, and it seems certain that he owed much to her.
He conquered all of Gaul. In an exceedingly short engagement later that year, he decisively defeated Pompey at Pharsalusin Greece.
After he had first marched on Rome in 49 BC, he forcibly opened the treasury, although a tribune had the seal placed on it. He ran against two powerful senators.
Once he reached the north coast of Gaul, Caesar resolved that his next assault would be on Britain. He adopted a policy of special clemency, or mercy, toward his former enemies and rewarded political opponents with public office.
In 54 bce he raided Britain again and subdued a serious revolt in northeastern Gaul. Military manpower was supplied by the Roman peasantry.
Plot and Assassination Although Caesar had once been enormously popular, by now many people objected to what they saw as his desire to be king, and to his habit of rejecting advice.
As his political star rose, so, too, did his ability to gain greater command of the military.
This issue had already been the object of a series of political manoeuvres and countermanoeuvres at Rome. Stripped of title, nobility, and political influence, Julius Caesar went into hiding for his own safety after the end of the civil war. He then turned his attention to a political career, putting himself into debt by putting on games.
He was now the most powerful man in the world. A brilliant tactician, politically savvy, and intellectually enlightened writer of Latin prose, Julius Caesar was the embodiment of all that was right — and wrong — in the Roman Republic.
About the same time, he began issuing coins with his portrait on them, something never before practiced in Rome up to that time. Caesar afterward married Pompeia, a distant relative of Pompey. Shortly before his assassination, the Senate named him censor for life and Father of the Fatherlandand the month of Quintilis was renamed July in his honour.
In the Roman Republic, this was an honorary title assumed by certain military commanders. According to Eutropiusaround 60 men participated in the assassination.J ulius Caesar was a Roman general and politician who overthrew the Roman Republic and established the rule of the emperors.
Caesar used the problems and hardships of the period to create his own supreme political and military power. Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the world’s greatest military leaders, was born into a senatorial, patrician family and was the nephew of. Gaius Cassius Longinus (Classical Latin: [ˈgaː.i.ʊs ultimedescente.comʊs ˈlɔŋ.gɪ.nʊs]; October 3, before 85 BC – October 3, 42 BC) was a Roman senator, a leading instigator of the plot to kill Julius Caesar, and the brother in-law of Marcus Junius Brutus.
Mar 30, · Julius Caesar ( B.C.) was a Roman general, whose increasing power in the middle of the first century B.C. played an important role in the ending of the Roman Republic.
Despite his military genius and many victories, he made powerful enemies in the Senate, and he was eventually assassinated. Mark Antony, Roman politician and general, was an ally of Julius Caesar and the main rival of his successor Octavian (later Augustus).
The passing of power between the three men led to Rome's.
Consul and General At the age of 40 Julius Caesar was elected to consul. Consul was the highest ranking position in the Roman Republic. The consul was like a president, but there were two consuls and they only served for one year.Download