Literature has innumerable qualities and purposes and can open doors to unique situations and worlds which are never wholly removed from our own. Egyptian scribes, Japanese bureaucratsand junior executives in New York City live and respond to life in the same ways; the lives of farmers or miners or hunters vary only within narrow limits.
The salon was an informal education for women, where they were able to exchange ideas, receive and give criticism, read their own works and hear the works and ideas of other intellectuals. Is authentic pessimism compatible with the view that there is an essential dignity to human life?
In order to give point to the chivalrous actions of the heroes, it was always hinted that they were well-known public characters of the day in a romantic disguise.
Time passes and the pendulum of taste swings. In the 16th Century, the city was the chief centre of the German artistic life. More technically and less metaphorically, it is a spirit of opposition against any perceived unfairness, oppression, or indignity in the human condition.
Both works eventually came to be viewed as works of fiction. What might be termed Romantic values also merit particular esteem within his philosophy: His History of English Literature 5 vol. In a typical German fashion, his art sometimes disregards the outward beauty of form, with the main intent of revealing the inner life.
Two of these he condemns as evasions, and the other he puts forward as a proper solution.
Heroic romances and 17th-century French literature Heroic Romance is a genre of imaginative literature, which flourished in the 17th century, principally in France.
Such imitation presumably has a civilizing value for those who empathize with it. Other works could, conversely, claim to be factual histories, yet earn the suspicion that they were wholly invented. Such a reconciliation is bound to be tentative and problematic if the critic believes, as Trilling does, that literature possesses an independent value and a deeper faithfulness to reality than is contained in any political formula.
Today, however, oratory is more usually thought of as a craft than as an art. The rhythms of prose are more complicated, though not necessarily more complex, than those of poetry. He absorbed the announcement with mixed feelings of gratitude, humility, and amazement. The original work remains the same, of lasting value to its own people, but the translation becomes out of date with each succeeding generation as the language and criteria of literary taste change.
Similarly, The Plague can be interpreted, on at least one level, as an allegory in which humanity must be preserved from the fatal pestilence of mass culture, which converts formerly free, autonomous, independent-minded human beings into a soulless new species.
Right away, we can eliminate any comparison with the efforts of Lucretius and Dante, who undertook to unfold entire cosmologies and philosophical systems in epic verse. Surprisingly, the sentiment here, a commonplace of the Enlightenment and of traditional liberalism, is much closer in spirit to the exuberant secular humanism of the Italian Renaissance than to the agnostic skepticism of contemporary post-modernism.
InCamus published the short, confessional novel The Fall, which unfortunately would be the last of his completed major works and which in the opinion of some critics is the most elegant, and most under-rated of all his books. The writer shared few of the values of the merchant or the entrepreneur or manager.
On the other hand, there is no denying that Christian literature and philosophy served as an important influence on his early thought and intellectual development. For about years now, the artistic environment of the writer has not usually been shared with the general populace.
In England, however, only Coleridge in his Biographia Literaria embraced the whole complex of Romantic doctrines emanating from Germany; the British empiricist tradition was too firmly rooted to be totally washed aside by the new metaphysics.
The writings of the 18th-century French writers VoltaireRousseau, and Diderot were produced from and for almost as narrow a caste as the Roman elite, but they were printed. This work was later to be prized by Neoclassicists of the 17th century not only for its rules but also for its humour, common sense, and appeal to educated taste.
All of which is understandable. The antagonism between the two resultant sets of values is the source of what we call alienation—among the intellectuals at least the alienation of the common man in urban, industrial civilization from his work, from himself, and from his fellows is another matter, although its results are reflected and intensified in the alienation of the elite.
Through a tangle of misunderstanding and mistaken identity they wind up murdering their unrecognized visitor. Salon hostesses were still attributed influence in politic affairs in the first half of the 19th century, which was said of both Aurora Wilhelmina Koskull  in the s as well as Ulla De Geer in the s.
Although there was no lack of rhetoricians to dictate the correct use of literary figures, no attempt was made to derive critical principles from emergent genres such as the fabliau and the chivalric romance.
Works by Albert Camus The Stranger. Conversely, the techniques required in writing for film have influenced many writers in structuring their novels and have affected their style.
Tragedy does arouse emotions of pity and terror in its audience, but these emotions are purged in the process katharsis. They can be taken from mythfrom history, or from contemporary occurrence, or they can be pure invention but even if they are invented, they are nonetheless constructed from the constant materials of real experience, no matter how fantastic the invention.
The tendentious elements of literature—propaganda for race, nation, or religion—have been more and more eroded in this process of wholesale cultural exchange. Even social structures, after the development of cities, remain much alike.A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
They are generally defined as a cultural event linked to literature, art or discussion. Historically, salons are associated with French literary and philosophical movements of the 17th and 18th centuries.
Textual Analysis of Writing Guides - Let me introduce you to the main characters in the story of composition.
Our hero—the protagonist—is known as “the writer,” who is supported by both the writing instructor—our hero’s mentor traditionally—and the reference guide. Albrecht Dürer: The Genius with a Great Soul. Albrecht Dürer was not only the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance, but also a unique personality, his genius coexisting with a pure, noble character.
A writing-intensive course that examines contemporary public issues through a variety of cultural expressions, from fiction, poetry, television and comics, to political discourse, folklore, web-based media, and song lyrics, among other popular genres.
Albert Camus (—) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate.
Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and.
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