History of the american revolutionary war the valley forge encampment

Even General Washington conceded, "If the army does not get help soon, in all likelihood it will disband. By April, Baron von Steubena quirky mercenary who was not really a baron, began to magically transform threadbare troops into a fighting force.

Artifacts and documents from the Neumann and Reed collections can be viewed on The Digital Vaulta website designed to promote the George C. In such stories, exposure and frostbite supposedly claimed the lives of many soldiers.

In May and Junethe Continental Congress had authorized the reorganization of the supply department. Valley Forge has long been portrayed in stories and pictures as blanketed in snow or coated in ice.

Throughout the winter, patriot commanders and legislators faced the challenge of supplying a population the size of a colonial city. Although Valley Forge for many calls to mind anguish in the face of seemingly insurmountable difficulties, it should also be remembered as the place where the American Army came together as an effective force capable of defeating the British army.

This strategic shift encouraged a whole new host of problems for the American Patriots. In reality, the winter was among the mildest of the 18th century, disease—not starvation—was the primary cause of death, and the iconic image of Washington was an unsubstantiated tale promulgated by 19th century parson and author Mason Locke Weems who also invented the tale of Washington and the cherry tree.

An overpopulation of white tail deer has resulted in "changes in the species composition, abundance, and distribution of native plant communities and associated wildlife" in the park.

235 Years Ago, Washington’s Troops Made Camp at Valley Forge

On May 6, having already received word of the French AllianceWashington ordered the Continental Army to perform a Grand Feu de Joiea formal ceremony consisting of a rapid and sequential firing of guns down the ranks.

Site selection[ edit ] Washington first asked his generals where to quarter the Continental Army in the winter of — on October 29, Years later, General Marquis de Lafayette recalled that "the unfortunate soldiers were in want of everything; they had neither coats, hats, shirts, nor shoes; their feet and legs froze till they had become almost black, and it was often necessary to amputate them.

The area where it stood is now only accessible by foot trail, the roads have been removed and the area is being given back to the woods. Raw weather stung and numbed the soldiers. One of the most enduring myths about the Valley Forge encampment concerned the weather.

Modern problems[ edit ] Open field in the park As a park in an increasingly urbanized area, Valley Forge faces problems including traffic, urban sprawland an overpopulation of white tail deer.

Museum Collections

Efforts to divert the traffic have thus far been unsuccessful, owing to existing traffic volume on alternate routes. What kept these men going? In turn, this made the troops appear more professional and disciplined.

Determined to Persevere

Some members of the Continental Congress also believed that the army might be able to launch a winter campaign. The standardized training instilled in veterans and new recruits at Valley Forge improved their performance on the battlefield.

Therefore, during the first few days of constructing their huts, the Continentals primarily ate firecake, a tasteless mixture of flour and water cooked upon heated rocks.

Yet no contemporary evidence exists suggesting such a prayer ever occurred. Washington related how his commanders had just exerted themselves with some difficulty to quell a "dangerous mutiny" fomenting, due to the lack of provision.Valley Forge National Historical Park is the site of the third winter encampment of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, taking place from December 19, to June 19, The National Historical Park preserves the site and interprets the history of the Valley Forge encampment.

Surviving Valley Forge. Under General Washington's command, the Continental Army survives dire circumstances at Valley Forge. History.


Opening in Aprilthe Museum of the American Revolution tells the story of the struggle for American independence. The museum, located in historic Philadelphia, features interactive exhibits and artifacts that interpret the Revolutionary War in a modern, engaging setting.

What Happened at Valley Forge While the British occupied Philadelphia, Washington and his army hunkered down for a harsh winter at Valley Forge.

No battle was fought there, yet, it was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. Valley Forge was the site of the winter encampment of the Continental Army. The 3,acres of monuments, meadows, and woodlands commemorate the sacrifices and perseverance of the Revolutionary War generation.

The encampment at Valley Forge took place from December 19, through June 19, and served as winter quarters for General George Washington's Continental Army.

Having suffered a string of defeats that fall, including losing the capital of Philadelphia to the British, the Americans made camp.

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History of the american revolutionary war the valley forge encampment
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