Because of this, pre-existing social and economic inequalities in society are reinforced. Political ecology, by looking at these ecological issues, makes humans more aware that environment is a powerful, balanced entity, and trying to change it will have repercussions.
Cultural ecologists, in particular, focused on the ecological knowledge of traditional societies, employing ecological theories to explain cultural practices scientifically.
Rather than studying how environment determines culture, cultural ecology sought to understand how humans adapt to nature and to uncover laws that explained human-environment interactions across cultures.
Especially with these concepts of degradation and marginalization, we see this phenomenological influence. Troubled by this environmental destruction, Carl Sauer pioneered cultural ecology in the midth century.
The phenomenological influence is present here as well, for in each case we must examine both the issue itself, and always what we are bringing to the table in our examination and how this influences our results.
By acknowledging the complicated systems of the environment, and how they relate to the politics of the humans that live among them, solutions to problems can be formulated in a more comprehensive manner.
A social scientist would most likely examine the behavior and come up with an explanation that involves the social circumstances and relationships of the individual.
Contemporary Issues It is not an exaggeration to claim that the environments we live in are constantly morphing by a variety of processes. Tuesday, November 17, Degredation and Marginalization A lot of the bigger picture issues raised in this chapter, and a lot of political ecology in general, is very related to a phenomenology course I took last spring.
A biologist or geneticist, on the other hand, can examine the exact same behavior but explain it according to biological functions.
Phenomenology, and specifically Husserl, argues that you should not The degradation and marginalization thesis the conclusion which you have reached, but rather the suppositions and intentionality which allowed you to reach that conclusion.
This happens because each individual approaches the problem from their specific perspective; thus they find an answer according to how they approached the problem. What is Political Ecology? Other scholars, such as George Marsh and Mary Somerville, turned attention to the ways humans degrade environments.
It can be proven that just about any change in the environment has a set of repercussions that can affect the politics and economics of society. These texts are often centered on five main themes: Depending on how we see this concept of degradation, we will have a different understanding of how to apply the degradation and marginalization thesis.
While producing a wealth of information and theoretical tools, cultural ecology lacked consideration of the way power relations shape human-environment interactions. Political ecology can be applied to mitigation of environmental disasters, including environmental degradation, biodiversity loss, and climate change, as well as work on small scale local levels to understand cultural histories, restore power to local and indigenous populations and create networks of local and global responsibility.
Also, this reinforcement causes altered power relationships, which have important political impacts. This becomes an issue when it causes an uneven distribution of costs and benefits, fortifying some people while damaging others. Intellectual Background Political ecology has its roots in geography and anthropology.
Employing these theses political ecology research aims to find the causes of issues involving humans and their environments by casting a wide net to avoid ignoring possible actors and relevant stakeholders. Similarly, as Robbins has illustrated in Political Ecology, our intentionality and what we brings towards nature effectively determines what kind of answers we receive.
What needs to be done to reconcile the human-environment divide is an expansion of connections to include a worldwide community of awareness and participation.
A concrete example of this could be the examination of an abnormal behavior. Introduction to Political Ecology Rather than a theory or a concept, political ecology is a body of research that aims to highlight how differential power relations drive ecological issues, as well as the ecological issues that exist within politics.
These changes and developments are followed by complexities such as economic implications and power shifts. Each unique problem will incorporate parts of the thesis, but there will almost always be different levels of both degradation and marginalization and even a changing relationship between the two.
In other words, political ecology employs relations of power to frame the interconnections between humanity and nature. By delving into the structure of the capitalist system and looking at cultural and environmental histories including the exploitation of labor and nature we can use political ecology to find ways to develop sustainable communities.
How we view the land, its purposes, its uses, its natural state, etc. The interdisciplinary nature of political ecology allows for a broad view of understanding environmental change and the issues that can arise with it in the surrounding society.
In the 19th century, these fields were dominated by the theory of environmental determinism, which was often employed to rationalize white elitism and colonialism. This was one of the most interesting classes I have taken at Goucher, partially because of the name, but predominantly because of the subject matter.
Both conclusion can be equally legitimate, but what is important to recognize is that both conclusions were only able to happen because of how the researchers approached the question. Future Directions Political ecology and its critical tools can be applied to deal with issues involving human and non-human interactions and management of environments and systems.“Environmental degradation” and its link to “marginalization” has been a key concern and object of study within political ecology since the inception of this field.
According to Robbins (), this is one of five recurrent themes (or theses) within the political ecology literature.
Describe the Degradation and Marginalization thesis that is a critique to Apolitical Ecology theories -Robbins () - environmental damage is often blamed on marginalised people - there is larger political/economic context.
Note: Marginalization is a process whereby politically and socially marginal people are pushed into ecologically marginal spaces and economically marginal production (Productivity), resulting in (1) increasing demands on the marginal productivity of ecosystems, and (2) increasing social vulnerability to risks.
Political ecology also refers to a community of practice based on certain kinds of text that are understood to address the conditions and changes of social/environmental systems with specific considerations of relations of power.
These texts are often centered on five main themes: 1) degradation and marginalization thesis; 2) conservation and.
Degradation and Marginalization: Robbins and Bacon Until this week's readings, we had not really gotten a discussion in depth of the four theses that Robbins sets aside in his book. This week, along with an article on the Nicaraguan Coffee Crisis, we investigated Degradation and Marginalization.
Nov 17, · As this chapter showed, the thesis is not one thing which perfectly applies to a variety of different situations. Each unique problem will incorporate parts of the thesis, but there will almost always be different levels of both degradation and marginalization and even a changing relationship between the two.Download