By the fall ofit was clear that the Soviet-backed Lublin regime had complete control of Poland, violating the Yalta promise of free and unfettered elections there. In the orthodox explanation of Herbert Feisa series of aggressive Soviet actions in —47 in Poland, Iran, Turkey, and elsewhere awakened the American public to the new danger to freedom to which Truman responded.
In Belgium, Spain, and Italy, Bismarck exerted strong and sustained United states containment policy during the pressure to support the election or appointment of liberal, anticlerical governments.
The policy was developed from ideas presented in the Long Telegram. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. United States diplomats saw a continent ravaged by war looking for strong leadership and aid of any sort, providing a climate ripe for revolution.
But in places where communism threatened to expand, American aid might prevent a takeover. The group included Kennan, Acheson and other former Truman advisors.
Established by the National Security Act ofthe CIA conducted espionage in foreign lands, some of it visible, more of it secret.
AfterBurnham and like-minded strategists became editors and regular contributors to William F. The Marshall Plan created an economic miracle in Western Europe.
Since Communism had flaws, it would eventually collapse. According to the report, drafted by Paul Nitze and others: This was part of an integrated strategy to promote republicanism in France by strategically and ideologically isolating the clerical-monarchist regime of President Patrice de Mac-Mahon.
However, in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistancontainment was again made a priority. In July a majority of the American public had never even heard of the Marshall Plan.
Kennanthen at the U. He won wide support from both parties as well as experts in foreign policy inside and outside the government. It was hoped that by ringing France with a number of liberal states, French republicans could defeat MacMahon and his reactionary supporters.
This webpage offers the full text of the March 12,speech Harry Truman gave to a joint session of Congress. He responded with a wide-ranging analysis of Russian policy now called the Long Telegram: Military rollback against the Soviet Union was proposed by James Burnham  and other conservative strategists in the late s.
Because containment required detailed information about Communist moves, the government relied increasingly on the Central Intelligence Agency CIA. Select from the many titles in the index to find an overview and a link to each document.
Johnson explained containment doctrine by quoting the Bible: However, the success of the Inchon landing inspired the U. In MarchFrench Premier Georges Clemenceau called for a cordon sanitaire, a ring of non-communist states, to isolate the Soviet Union.
Eisenhower agreed to a propaganda campaign to rollback the influence of communism psychologically, but he refused to intervene in the Hungarian Uprising mainly for fear that it would cause the Third World War.
Six months later, it would probably have sounded redundant. Also, much of the policy helped influence U.
President Woodrow Wilson called for a "quarantine. Less than a year later, the Marshall Plan was a reality. Afghanistan[ edit ] President Jimmy Carter came to office in and was committed to a foreign policy that emphasized human rights. The collapse may take some time, but it will occur.
In the s, anti-slavery forces in the United States developed a free soil strategy of containment, without using the word, to stop the expansion of slavery until it later collapsed.
George Marshall devised a plan for long-term economic and industrial recovery for most of Europe. Wallacewho ran against Truman in the presidential campaign. To avoid antagonizing the Soviet Union, Marshall announced that the purpose of sending aid to Western Europe was completely humanitarian, and even offered aid to the communist states in the east.
When Harry Truman approved the Marshall Plan inhis official statement said, "Few presidents have had the opportunity to sign legislation of such importance. By vigorously pursuing this policy, the United States might be able to contain communism within its current borders.
Within two years the communist threat had passed, and both nations were comfortably in the western sphere of influence. Eisenhower relied on clandestine CIA actions to undermine hostile governments and used economic and military foreign aid to strengthen governments supporting the American position in the Cold War.
Thus, we wanted to keep the economy strong in as many countries as possible.The United States' Containment Policy During the 's Essay.
The type of policy known as containment was the foreign policy that the United States of America used between the times of (two years after World War Two) until (he fall of the Berlin Wall). Policy of Containment: America’s Cold War Strategy. A continuation of the policy of containment, the basic policy during the Truman years; regarded the very existence of the communist world as a threat to the United States and considered the policy of containment as a righteous duty.
While George Kennan argued that communist. Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs United States Department of State. [email protected] Phone: Fax: Containment was a foreign policy strategy followed by the United States during the Cold War.
First laid out by George F. Kennan inContainment stated that communism needed to be contained and isolated, or it would spread to neighboring countries.
Containment was a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism abroad.
A component of the Cold War, this policy was a response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to enlarge its communist sphere of influence in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, and Vietnam.
The second idea behind the containment policy was that there existed 5 major industrial centers within the world, namely the United States, Great Britain, West Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union.
Since four of these five were capitalist nations, and allies, containment meant "confining the Soviet Union to that single one (Hook and Spanier.Download